Mountain side of Aspindza municipality is located in the Eastern part of Akhaltsikhe hollow surrounded by slopes of Trialeti and Erusheti mountains. On the altitude of 1200-1800 m above sea level, relief here is definately fissiparous representing lifted plain-like terraces, hills and hillocks and mounts of volcanic origin. Historically, municipality territory was crossed by important trade transit routes. Sobriquet of the townlet, ‘Aspindza’, also derives from this narrative, in Persian it means ‘Hotel on the highway’, ‘Station on the way’. Center of the municipality, townlet of Aspindza, is famous for its several type slightly mineralized, thermal (33-42 degrees) waters having positive impact on musculoskeletal and peripheral nervous systems. Therapeutic thermal waters have many other outlets on the territory of the municipality. Nakalakevi (1100-1150 m) was a famous resort and its ‘Essentuki’-kind thermal (33 degrees) water was used for treatment of musculoskeletal, cardiovascular and nervous system diseases as well as gynecological and skin pathologies. Vardzia is also rich with mineral waters though it is more famous for its unique complex of cave monastery dating to XII-XIIIcc. Making artificial cave stations in Georgia became a time-honored tradition. Naturally, in historical Meskheti where local residents for centuries were disturbed by foreign invaders, such fortifications with secret caches and exits were widely distributed. In many places of Southern Georgia we can see monuments of rock cut architecture, like Tavkvetula, Vani (Vahani) Kvabebi, Oloda, Gelsunda, Baiebi… But, of course, they have smaller profile.
Location: slope of Trialeti range, gorge of river Mtkvari
Distance: 240 km away from Tbilisi (via Akhaltsikhe), 230 km via Ninotsminda (Javakheti road)
Sea level: 1050-1060 m
Climate: middle mountain (lower belt), winter moderately cold, snowy, mean temperature in January -2,2 degrees centigrade; summer warm and dry, mean temperature in August 20,3 degrees centigrade
Average annual precipitation: 520 mm
Average comparative annual humidity: 64%
Annual average number of sunlight hours: 2100 h.
Natural treatment factor: climate of middle mountain lower belt and thermal, slightly sulfide, sulphuric-chloride, sodiumcalcium
mineral waters with silicon acid (40-45 mg/dm3) content and general mineralization 0,8-1,0 g/dm3
Types of therapy: mineral water baths, passive climate therapy
Diseases for treatment: musculoskeletal, skin and peripheral nervous system, as well as gynecological diseases