In the direction of South-West from Tbilisi, a snaky road leads up the mountain that as soon as it passes rest-house suburbia of Tbilisi, like Okrokana, Shindisi and Tabakhmela, enters into the mountain climatic resort of Kojori. The length of this road from downtown Tbilisi is 14 kilometers, while by taking pathway from Mtatsminda to Kojori one can reach it by reducing the distance up to 7 km.
Earlier Kojori was named Agharani, while summer standing for the Georgian kings in its vicinity was called Aghara Fortress (today – Kojori Fortress). The place name of Kojori emerged later. Part of researchers relate it to the word ‘Kochor’, as those days Kojori plateau was covered with forests and resembled ‘Kochori’ (‘Forelock’ in Georgian); other part of scholars believe that the word ‘Kojori’ is linked to ‘Kojora’ (‘Corn’ in Georgian), as local landscape seems to be really looking callous. The mountain climate reigning in Kojori facilitates general revival of human vigor and ability of the body to be immune to diseases. It is especially effective with respect to children of lower age. Earlier on when suburbs of Tbilisi were still rich with vegetation, forests and gardens, and in summertime the city was cooler than now, the residents were not so adamant in going to the suburbs. Only the well-off part of Tbilisians used to go to the suburbia and make holidays there. Then such places were considered to be Ortachala, Krtsanisi Gardens, Gldani, Shindisi, Tabakhmela, Tsavkisi, Digomi Gardens, Okrokana, Tskhneti and Kojori, now within the boundaries of the city. Among them Kojori was a privileged place known as the summer resting venue of Georgian kings where in XIX century the Viceroy of the Caucasus flanked by other dignitaries used to make holidays in summer.
Location: bifurcation of Trialeti mountain range
Distance: 16 km from Tbilisi center Elevation above Sea level: 1338-1350 m
Landscape: mountain plateau
Climate: moderately dry, forest zone of middle highland climate, winter moderately cold, mean temperature in January 2,6 degrees centigrade, snow cover not high, lasting from December up to the end of February; summer dry, moderately warm, mean temperature in August 17 degrees centigrade Annual precipitation – 745 mm
Mean annual comparative air humidity: 74%
Duration of annual sunny light: 2100 h.
Natural treatment factor: lower belt middle mountain climate
Types of treatment: passive and active climate therapy (air and sun exposure)
Diseases for treatment: TB of lymphatic glands, musculoskeletal system, bronchitis, pleuritis, alimentary tract diseases of children, malaria, secondary deficiency of blood, bronchial asthma, rachitis, neuroses.